What is Physical Activity?
Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure
Need for Physical Activity:
- In order for children to develop gross motor skills, they need to engage in multiple forms of physical activity
- North Carolina has the 23rd highest childhood obesity rate in the nation.
- Nearly one out of three (32%) children ages 2-4 who participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in North Carolina is overweight or obese.
- 38 % of children under age 10 North Carolina spend at least two hours in front of a screen (watching TV, videos, or DVDs or playing video games, computer games or using the Internet) on a typical day
Reference: Eat Smart Move More NC’s Physical Activity, Nutrition and Obesity: Quick Facts. http://www.eatsmartmovemorenc.com/Data/Texts/Quick%20Facts.pdf
What types of Physical Activity?
- Kids need both structured (adult-led) and unstructured (free play) physical activity every day
1 year-old and 2 year-olds: at least 3 hours (spread throughout the day)
3 year-olds: 30 minutes of structured (i.e. adult-led) and 60 minutes of unstructured (i.e. free play)
4 and 5 year-olds: 60 minutes of structured (i.e. adult-led) and 60 minutes of unstructured (i.e. free play)
- Activity that help kids learn the fundamental motor skills which include:
Locomotor skills or moving their bodies from place to place (i.e. running, hopping, skipping, etc.)
Non-locomotor skills or moving their bodies in place (i.e. twisting, bending, stretching, etc.)
Manipulative - moving or using an object (i.e. throwing, catching, dribbling, etc.)
- Moderate to Vigorous Physical activity, which is any activity that get your child's heart rate elevate and make them breathe a little heavier.
- Builds strong hearts, muscles and bones
- Develops fundamental motor skills
- Improves thinking skills
- Encourages self-esteem and confidence
- Develops emotional skills
- Decreases risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood
- Decreases risk of developing type 1 disease in childhood and adulthood
- Learn that physical activity can be FUN!
- Increase competency in movement
- Feel good
AND when you play with your child, you move your body, too, so you get your daily physical activity as well, you both benefit!!